Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Joseph Cilley 1734 - 1799

Joseph Cilley is a second cousin of my Grandmother Jennie Maud (Cilley) Hastings.
 "Joseph Cilley (1734 – August 25, 1799) was a New Hampshire state senator and general.
Cilley was born in 1734 at Nottingham, New Hampshire to Captain J. Cilley of the Isles of Shoals and his wife Alice Rawlings. In 1758 Joseph Cilley joined Rogers' Rangers and served in northern New York and Canada. On December 15, 1774 Joseph was with John Langdon and John Sullivan in the raid on Fort William and Mary at New Castle, New Hampshire.
At the start of the American Revolutionary War Joseph was appointed major of the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment. After the Siege of Boston Cilley was promoted to Lt. Col. in the 1st New Hampshire Regiment and he and the regiment were sent to reinforce the Continental Army in Canada fighting at the Battle of Trois-Rivières. With the defeat of the Continental Army in Canada the 1st New Hampshire was sent to New Jersey and Gen. George Washington's main army. Joseph took part in the Battle of Trenton and the Battle of Princeton. With the resignation of John Stark, Cilley took command of the 1st New Hampshire and led them during the Saratoga Campaign of 1777, and the Battle of Monmouth and the Battle of Stony Point in 1778. In 1779, Joseph and the 1st New Hampshire were with Gen. Sullivan in his campaign against the Iroquois and Loyalists in western New York.
On March 19, 1779, the New Hampshire Assembly voted unanimously, "that the worthy Col. Jos. Cilley be presented with a pair of pistols as a token of this State's good intention to reward merit in a brave officer." These pistols are now housed at the Museum of New Hampshire History [1] in Concord, New Hampshire. Cilley retired from the Continental Army on January 1, 1781.
After the war, he was appointed major general of the 1st Division of New Hampshire Militia, June 22, 1786. Cilley was elected to the New Hampshire Senate and Treasurer, Vice President and President of the Society of the Cincinnati in New Hampshire. Cilley died on August 25, 1799, at his home in Nottingham.
Cilley married Sarah Longfellow on November 4, 1756. They had ten children, including Greenleaf Cilley, whose sons Joseph Cilley and Jonathan Cilley would become a U. S. Senator and a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, respectively."
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

Rufus Davis Hastings 1839 - 1918

Rufus Davis Hastings was the youngest son of Asa and Anna (Goddard) Hastings. He enlisted in the 93rd Regiment U S Infantry on August 30, 1861.  Rufus was a big man standing 6 feet 3 inches compared to the average Union soldier who was five feet seven inches.  He served in Company A, with his brother Artemus, and was promoted to the rank of sergeant. The 93rd Regiment was a well drilled and trained regiment.  When General McClellen ordered the Union troops to withdraw from the peninsular campaign the 93rd was assigned to organize the withdrawal of troops and supplies from White House Landing.  They performed this duty so well that they were thereafter assigned to Provost Marshall Duty with every Union commanding General until the spring of 1864 when they were placed in active duty.
Rufus was discharged from the 93rd regiment on October 21, 1862.  On the same day he enlisted in the 4th U S Cavalry.  As a member of Company A he served escort duty for General Ambrose Burnside.  Escort duty was the equivalent of body guards.  Rufus would have been serving in this capacity during the battle of Fredericksburg.  In December of 1862 Rufus was thrown from his horse suffering back injuries.
He was discharged from the 4th U S Cavalry due to his injuries.  He then enlisted in Company D, 14th Veteran Reserve Corp. Rufus was promoted to the rank of Sergeant in this Corp.  He served in and around Washington DC, reenlisting on one occasion until his discharge October 10, 1865. 
The following diary entry was found from the hospital where he received treatment for his injuries.
"Rufus Hastings - 4th Regt. U.S. Cavalry - Home - Horicon, Warren Co, N.Y. - Entered Turner's Lane 2nd March.  A very large man. good natured & kind.  The first to whom I spoke with reference to Bible Class.  A regular and interested member.  Once a soldier of the Cross, but thought he was going backwards.  Tried to persuade him to try again.  Departed from Turner's Lane without leave July/63, to return to Regt.  Took my address before leaving."

Entered Turner's Lane Hospital, Philadelpia, PA 2 March 1863. 
From Susan Trautwine McManus Notes on Soldiers, 1863 - 1865.  (hyyp://www.hsp.org/default.aspx?id=1175)

Tuesday, February 10, 2015

Asa Hastings 1792 - 1876

On March 8, 1813, Asa Hastings enlisted in the 21st Regiment, United States Infantry, as a private in Captain S. Toby’s Company.  He was honorably discharged from Captain Ira Drew’s Company at Sacket’s Harbor, NY on May 24, 1815.

Asa was involved in the major Battle of Little York (present day Toronto).  The original intentions were to attack Kingston, Ontario in the spring of 1813 but ice in that harbor prevented an early attack and plans were changed and York became the target.  The American troops were commanded by Major General Henry Dearborn.  Dearborn chose to lead the battle from aboard his ship in Lake Ontario and delegated the on-shore leadership to Brigadier General Zebulon Pike.
The American soldiers landed from the west of York and rapidly drove the English army, Canadian militia, and about 100 Native Americans through the city.  The English army retreated east leaving the militia to make the best terms they could.  To prevent the Americans from capturing their magazine containing over 300 barrels of powder the magazine was blown up.  When the explosion occurred, the underground magazine propelled rocks and stones into the air in a mass of flying missiles.  General Pike was sitting nearby interviewing a prisoner at the time of the explosion.  He was struck in the head and shoulder by flying rocks.  He was returned to his ship in Lake Ontario where he died.  Asa Hastings was also struck in the abdomen by a flying rock.  Thirty-eight Americans were killed by this explosion and another two hundred were wounded.
Asa Hastings spent several months in hospital recovering from his injuries before returning to duty at Fort Niagara.  This information was difficult to uncover until I came across a record in The Congressional Record of June of 1860 which follows.
General Zebulon Pike is buried in Sacket’s Harbor, NY;

“House of Representatives, 36th Congress, 1st Session, Report No. 624.  June 13, 1860.  Mr. Fenton from the Committee on Invalid Pensions, made the following Report:  The Committee on Invalid Pensions to whom was referred the petition of Asa Hastings, of Horicon, New York, report:
That from the petition and evidence in this case it appears that petitioner was a private in Captain Charles S. Toby's company, 21st regiment United States infantry, enlisted March 8, 1813, for during the war, and was honorably discharged from Captain Ira Drew's company, at Socket Harbor, New York, on the 24th of May, 1815;  that while he was in said service, under Captain Loring and General Pike, at the blowing up of Little York, about the 27th of April, 1813, he received an injury by means of a stone, which struck him in the abdomen and threw him on his face to the ground, and that on or about the 27th of May following, while carrying turf to build batteries at Fort Niagara, he received another injury in the same place, in addition to the one above mentioned, which has remained upon him ever since.  After his first injury he was able to perform light garrison duty only; but after the second he was sent to the hospital, and remained there about eighteen months.  His company roll for December, 1813 shows that he was "sick at Sacket's Harbor;" and on said roll to June 30, 1814, he is noted "sick at Brownsville general hospital."  Since his discharge from the army he has been more than three-fourths disabled from obtaining his subsistence by manual labor in consequence of said injuries; and for the last ten years he has been and now is almost wholly disabled, and his present disability is the result of the aforesaid injuries.  He applied for a pension in 1851, but failed to make the strict proof required at the Pension office.  The evidence consists of the affidavits of Joseph Pike, David Fowler, and Thomas D. Morrison, soldiers in the War of 1812, who were in a situation to know the facts to which they have testified, and although there is some discrepancy in the statements of the witnesses and petitioner as to the cause of the second injury, they all agree in the main point that he was injured while in the service, as above stated.  Twelve citizens of Warren County, New York, where petitioner resides, testify that they believe him to be a man of truth and veracity, and a member of the Wesleyan Methodist church, in good standing.  Isaac Hill, Rufus Davis, Homer Davis, Milo Davis, and Horace B. Taylor, also corroborate the petitioner's statements; prove him to be a man of temperate habits and a worthy citizen.  Mr. Taylor (in 1857) states that since his acquaintance with petitioner, and for more than twenty years, he has been afflicted with a hernia of large size and has worn a truss; and Surgeons Alfred Mallory and Mrs. M. W. Prichard, of Warren county, New York , regular practicing physicians and surgeons, and reputable in their profession, certify, under date of November 27, 1851, that petitioner "is affected with an inguinal or scrotal hernia, the contents of which seem to be principally a portion of bowel called hernia intestinal, and is not able to get his living by labor, but his disability amounts to three-fourths."  The committee report a bill allowing a pension of six dollars per month from the date of his petition, and recommend its passage.”

In 1818 Asa received 160 acres of land in Hancock County, Illinois for his service in the War of 1812.

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Asa Hastings - 1751 - 1836

Asa was the son of Jonas and Lydia (Corliss) Hastings.  He was born in Salem, NH and later was one of the first inhabitants of Alexandra, NH.  He would later homestead 120 acres near Newfound Lake north of Alexandria.
The Revolutionary War was different from other American Wars in that the battles were spread over the entire country at irregular times.  There were many young men who enlisted in the Continental Army for an extended period of time.  However, many battles were fought by farmers who signed up just for a short period of time. 
Asa Hastings was busy on his farm when Lieut. Col. David Webster and a group of men came by on their way to Fort Ticonderoga.  Asa sign on with the group which marched from Plymouth and towns adjacent to reinforce the garrison at Ticonderoga on the alarm in July 1777.  They proceeded as far a Cavendish where they met troops returning from the battle which was over. 
Asa was engaged July 5, 1777 and discharged July 16, 1777.   His army pay for 12 days was 4.1 s per month or 1.16 s for the war.

Page 124 The State of New Hampshire Rolls of the Soldiers in the Revolutionary War

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Jonas Hastings (1726 - aft 1790)

We will follow direct descendants who had military service first.  Following that we will return and add sons, daughters and other relatives.  Our direct line from Robert Hastings is John Hastings (1691 – 1726/27).  I have not come across any record of John’s participation in military matters.  His death at age 35 provides only for a short history.  That brings us to John’s son Jonas Hastings.
Jonas Hastings (1726 – aft 1790)

Jonas was born in western Haverhill, MA.  Shortly after his birth that part of Haverhill was broken off and became the new town of Methuen.  A short time later Massachusetts and New Hampshire agreed to the state boundary lines and without moving Jonas was then a resident of Salem, New Hampshire.  Jonas married Lydia Corliss in 1751.

In 1755 Jonas Hastings enlisted in Captain John Goffe’s company, Col Joseph Blanchard's regiment in the French & Indian War.  He was promoted to the rank of Sergeant.  They first traveled to Albany with the intentions of attacking Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga).  Those plans didn’t pan out and on September 8, 1755 Sir William Johnson commanded the army at the southern shores of Lake George.  Hearing that a French army was headed for Fort Edward he sent a detachment commanded by his brother Col Ephraim Williams to intercept them.  They fell into an ambuscade where many were killed including Col Williams.

Jonas Hastings was in a detachment sent out to clear trails.  Hearing the sounds of gun fire they hurried back to the site of the battle where they were able to force the French into retreat.  The site of this battle is often called “Bloody Pond.”  Returning to their camp Sir William Johnson’s soldiers threw up log breastworks and the following day beat off an attack by the French.  This action is referred to as “The Battle of Lake George.”

Jonas Hastings and the rest of his company spent the rest of the Fall of 1755 building Fort William Henry.

Jonas Hastings was one of the first settlers in Newbury, Merrimack, New Hampshire.  He served in many municipal positions and was most often referred to as Captain Jonas Hastings.

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Robert Hastings (1654 - 1721)

The History of the Hastings family would not be complete without recognizing those who served the Country in its military forces. With this week’s edition I will present a member of the family who served.  I welcome any of you to add to my work or better yet to present the service record of another member of our family.

Robert Hastings (1654 – 1721), by my records, is the oldest known ancestor of our Hastings family.  George M. Bodge’s “Soldiers: King Philip’s War” list Robert Hastings as a member of the Garrison at Westfield on September 23, 1676.  Westfield was the western most settled area in Massachusetts being just west of Springfield.
The History of Haverhill states that in 1691 Lt. Robert Hastings was appointed Constable in Haverhill.  This suggests a rank within the town militia.  

King Philip’s War was our Countries first major military action.  It cleared southern New England’s native population from the land and established the English as the dominant people.  King Philip (Metacomet) was the second son of Chief Massasoit.  In 1660 Wamsutta (King Philip’s older brother) requested the court of Plymouth to give them English names.  Wamsutta became Alexander and Metacomet became Philip.  Philip became the leader of the united Native American tribes of New England.

The death rate in King Philip’s War was higher than all American wars.  This death rate is a comparison to those who were killed compared to the population of the country.

King Philip’s War                              - 1, 538 deaths per 100.000
American Revolution                      - 180 deaths per 100,000
Civil War                                            - 857 deaths per 100,000
World War II                                     - 206 deaths per 100,000